The Hue Imperial Citadel (Dai Noi Hue)

Thứ hai , 02/12/2013, 09:22 GMT+7 /
The Hue Impertial Citadel is including The Royal Citadel (Hoang Thanh ) and the Fordidden Citadel ( Tu Cam Thanh), today this location belongs to Thuan Thanh Ward, Hue City (on the Northern bank of the Perfume River). After the peace was restored, the Imperial Citadel was opened to receive visitor and it is becoming a highlight for domestic and foreign tourist.

At present, the Hue Relics Preservation Center (belongs to the Centre Cultural Information of Hue Province) is in charge of controlling this relics. With an area of 500ha, the Imperial Citadel is considered a nicest construction of Nguyen Dynasty. This is an administrative and political centre of Nguyen Dynasty and also where the King and his family lived. In 1993, Hue Imperial Citadel was recognized as a World cultural heritage by UNESCO.

The rampart system here is the typical harmony combination between the Western and Eastern architecture. In addition, the natural scenery around is so beautiful as Ngu Binh mountain, Huong Giang River, Gia Vien islet, Boc Thanh islet…All made a wonderful relics! This huge complex comprises of more than 100 beautiful constructions at many different areas with different functions.

In the first place, the Hoang Thanh (Royal citadel) is the most important part of the Citadel, which was built in 1804 but totally completed in 1833, under King Ming Mang’s reign.  With a nearly square shape,  each side is more than 600m, there are 4 gates to access to the Imperial City that are located at 4 positions, in which the main gate is Ngo Mon (Mon Gate) at the South, Hien Nhon Gate is at the East, Chuong Duc gate is at the West and Hoa Binh gate is at the North. Among them, Ngo Mon is the special gate and it is a symbol of Hue Citadel and this Gate is only used for the King.

Besides, all the bridges and lakes are around the Citadel which has a common name –Kim Thuy. Moreover, Royal Citadel is including nearly 100 small and large constructional works divided many functions: place for setting up various grand ceremonies, for worship shrines of the Kings Nguyen, for internal affairs office and place where the princes are studying or enjoying… Next to Hoang Thanh, we enter Tu Cam Thanh (Forbidden Citadel) where reserved for Emperor and his family. This area is most important and largest of Hue Citadel. It was built in the nearly 1803 under reign of Emperor Gia Long, at the first time, it was called by Cung Thanh. However, in 1821, it was changed to Tu Cam Thanh.

With a nearly square form, each side is about 300m, the wall around was 3,5m of high. There are nearly 50 beautiful constructions and 7 gates for facilitating the entrance and exit here, including Can Chanh Palace where the Emperors held the daily working, Can Thanh Palace was private palace of Emperor, Khon tai Residence was private apartment of Queen…All of those buildings are full of architectural and historical value.

Up to now, over 200 years, thousands of changes have occurred, some of those architectural constructions has damaged. However, as it is historical relics of the nation, so the Imperial Citadel is well preserved. In addition, the Hue Relics Preservation Center also organizes a lot of cultural festival here to promote the image of Hue’s tourism to visitor. After all, coming Hue, do not miss visit the Royal Citadel  that is an ideal destination where people can understand more about  architectural and cultural beauty as well as an important history of Vietnam.
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